Watch Demo×

See NinjaOne in action!

What Is UPnP Device Host Service?

What Is UPnP Device Host Service blog banner

In networking, there’s a service that often goes unnoticed but plays a significant role in our everyday digital interactions: the Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) Device Host Service. This service makes our lives easier by enabling devices on a network to automatically discover each other and establish functional network services for data sharing, communications, and entertainment. But like everything in technology, it comes with its own set of pros and cons. In this post, we’ll look into what the UPnP Device Host Service is, how it works, and discuss its potential security risks and advantages.

What is UPnP?

Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) is a set of networking protocols that allows devices to discover each other on the network and establish functional network services for data sharing, communications, and entertainment. It enables devices such as computers, printers, Internet gateways, Wi-Fi access points, mobile devices, and IoT devices to seamlessly connect and interact with each other.

Purpose of UPnP Device Host Service

The UPnP Device Host Service is a system service in Microsoft Windows. It’s designed to support host devices that use the UPnP architecture. This service enables automatic discovery and interaction with other devices over the network.

For instance, if you have a smart TV and a computer on the same network, the UPnP Device Host Service could allow the smart TV to access media files stored on your computer, without any manual configuration.

Importance of UPnP Device Host Service

The primary benefit of the UPnP Device Host Service lies in its ease of use and seamless integration. It simplifies the process of connecting devices on a network by eliminating the need for manual setup or configuration.

It’s particularly crucial in home network environments, where users may lack the technical expertise to manually configure network settings. With UPnP, devices can automatically discover and communicate with each other, creating a user-friendly, interconnected environment.

Security risks for UPnP

Despite its convenience, UPnP isn’t without its security risks. The main issue is that UPnP doesn’t have any built-in authentication mechanisms. Any device can freely connect to any other device on the same network, potentially opening the door for malicious activity.

For example, malware on a device could use UPnP to open ports on your router, bypassing your firewall and exposing your network to external attacks. In 2013, Rapid7, a cybersecurity company, discovered that approximately 80 million devices were vulnerable due to insecure UPnP implementations.

Should you disable UPnP Device Host Service?

The decision to disable UPnP Device Host Service depends on your specific circumstances. If you’re a home user who values convenience and ease of use over absolute security, you might choose to keep it enabled. However, if you’re concerned about potential security risks, disabling UPnP could be a prudent choice. This is especially true in business environments, where sensitive data could be at risk.

In the end, it’s a balancing act between convenience and security. If you choose to keep UPnP enabled, be sure to regularly update your devices and maintain a robust security setup to mitigate potential risks.


To summarize, the UPnP Device Host Service is a convenient tool that simplifies networking but comes with potential security risks. Users must weigh these factors to make an informed decision about whether to use this service.

Next Steps

Building an efficient and effective IT team requires a centralized solution that acts as your core service deliver tool. NinjaOne enables IT teams to monitor, manage, secure, and support all their devices, wherever they are, without the need for complex on-premises infrastructure.

Learn more about NinjaOne Endpoint Management, check out a live tour, or start your free trial of the NinjaOne platform.

You might also like

Ready to become an IT Ninja?

Learn how NinjaOne can help you simplify IT operations.

By clicking the “I Accept” button below, you indicate your acceptance of the following legal terms as well as our Terms of Use:

  • Ownership Rights: NinjaOne owns and will continue to own all right, title, and interest in and to the script (including the copyright). NinjaOne is giving you a limited license to use the script in accordance with these legal terms.
  • Use Limitation: You may only use the script for your legitimate personal or internal business purposes, and you may not share the script with another party.
  • Republication Prohibition: Under no circumstances are you permitted to re-publish the script in any script library belonging to or under the control of any other software provider.
  • Warranty Disclaimer: The script is provided “as is” and “as available”, without warranty of any kind. NinjaOne makes no promise or guarantee that the script will be free from defects or that it will meet your specific needs or expectations.
  • Assumption of Risk: Your use of the script is at your own risk. You acknowledge that there are certain inherent risks in using the script, and you understand and assume each of those risks.
  • Waiver and Release: You will not hold NinjaOne responsible for any adverse or unintended consequences resulting from your use of the script, and you waive any legal or equitable rights or remedies you may have against NinjaOne relating to your use of the script.
  • EULA: If you are a NinjaOne customer, your use of the script is subject to the End User License Agreement applicable to you (EULA).